This page aims to provide a list of researchers working on British culture from 1895-1914. If you would like to be added to this list, please e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Please try to keep ‘blurbs’ to no more than 200 words. Scholars are listed in alphabetical order.
Senior Lecturer in Drama – Kingston University
The primary focus of my doctoral research is the history of the Empire Theatre at Kingston upon Thames. This once celebrated venue will represent a lens through which to examine the two overlapping cultural histories of British variety theatre and the suburban environment that began to permeate the rural landscape surrounding London during the latter half of the nineteenth century.
Although Kingston’s Empire lies at the heart of the thesis, the life and work of Clarence James Sounes, the theatre’s first proprietor and the owner of a string of regional and suburban theatres, has become an increasingly significant feature of the research. A detailed portrait of this ambitious entrepreneur is starting to take shape and is in turn beginning to reveal a great deal about Edwardian theatre culture and especially the rarely explored regional theatre economy within which Sounes worked between 1880 and 1921.
University of York
My doctoral research focuses on a specific moment in the history of early cinema. I am conducting micro-studies of film exhibition practices in suburban towns and tourist areas of South East England in 1896 and 1897. I am also examining the role of travelling lanternists who integrated films into their existing entertainments. I am particularly interested in the themes arising from my research such as sensationalism; the ethnographic; travel; advertising and invisibility.
Dr Cecilia Björkén-Nyberg
Halmstad University, Sweden
I am currently writing a book on the player piano discourse in Edwardian literature. I study how this machine/instrument for producing music influenced the existing performance culture and challenged the art/entertainment dichotomy. I am particularly interested in the Edwardian debate on virtuosity and the ways in which this debate was reflected in the contemporary music press as well as the fiction of the period.
PhD Researcher–University of Liverpool
My doctoral research focuses on the early Boy Scouting Movement to the years just after the First World War. Looking at personal memoirs, letters, and experiences of Scouts and Scout leaders, I hope to answer “who” were the first Scouts, what aspects of Scouting appealed to them, and to what extent did they support or even consider the nationalist rhetoric surrounding the movement.
Using the Scouting Movement as a case study of sorts, my research looks at broader issues of imperialism and 19th and 20th century British identity. I am most concerned with how Britons living in both Britain and the colonies viewed themselves within the imperial context.
Further research interests include British and American military recruitment, youth adventure literature in Victorian and Edwardian Britain, George Orwell, and patriotism, militarism, and nationalism in British and American popular culture.
Dr Catherine Budd
De Montfort University
My doctoral thesis examined the growth and development of an urban sporting culture in Middlesbrough, c.1870-1914. The thesis focused on issues of class, gender, work, clubability, professionalism/commercialisation, and the effects of urbanisation. I traced the growth of sport in this case study, demonstrating the impact of a particular town’s development can have on its sporting history. My thesis examined a largely unexplored social and cultural history of Middlesbrough and the leisure habits of its people, as well as adding to existing studies of urban sport.
Email – email@example.com
Dr Kirsty Bunting
Lecturer at Manchester Metropolitan University
I am particularly interested in modes of collaborative authorship and literary networks in the 19th and early 20th centuries. I am compiling a directory of co-authored writing in any genre between 1850 and 1914 and am always grateful for suggestions of authors/texts to add to this list.
University of Durham
I am interested in Edwardian and Fin-de-Siecle culture, particularly the increasing self–reflexivity with which writers practiced their craft from the 1880s onwards, and the various ways fiction developed in the wake of this more critical readership. I have a particular interest in the fin-de-siecle debates surrounding romance and realism as competing but often complimentary genres. My current research focuses on Robert Louis Stevenson and the way his writing engages with issues of time and space, memory, dialogism and the differences and similarities between recording history and imagining fiction. I have been influenced by Bakhtin’s theories of the chronotope and the dialogic word, post-structuralism and Reader Response criticism.
University of Warwick
I’m a Part-time PhD candidate at the University of Warwick interested in nineteenth and early twentieth century theatre history. My research includes: Eighteenth, Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Private and Amateur Theatricals; Purpose-Built Private Theatres; The Nineteenth Century Amateur Repertoire; The ‘Professional’ Aristocratic Amateur; The Economics of Private and Amateur Theatricals; Innovation and Transgression in Private and Amateur Theatricals; Laws, Licences and Private Theatricals; Amateur Clubs and Societies; Garrison and Naval Theatricals; University Theatricals (including the OUDS and the Cambridge ADC); and The Twentieth Century Amateur Theatre Movement.
Previous Research Includes a Case Study of the Chatsworth House Private Theatre 1880-1914.
My interests are very broad covering the history of the struggle for democracy, friendly benefit and loan societies, mutuality, labour movement, South West London, North East, slavery and abolition, British Black History, and the social and political uses of music and song. My specific Edwardian interests include: John Archer, Black Mayor of Battersea 1913-14 (about whom I will be organising activities for the 100th Anniversary of him becoming London’s first Black Mayo); Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (I am the Co-ordinator of the SC-T Network & member of the Croydon Festival Committee); The Edwardian roller-skating boom; Albert Mansbridge and the foundation of the Workers Educational Association; John Burns; Sport and politics; and Social action through Settlement houses.
I am currently Archival Mapping & Research Co-ordinator for the HLF funded North East Popular Politics Project (to end of March 2013) and previously of the Tyne & Wear Remembering Slavery Project (2007). I have given talks over the last three years at academic and other conferences, IHR seminars, and at local history events. My published articles inc. on Albert Mansbridge, John Archer, Paul Robeson, and aspects of slavery and abolition. I publish booklets under the imprint History & Social Action Publications.
Dr. Guy Cuthbertson
Liverpool Hope University
I am a General Editor, with Lucy Newlyn, of the six-volume Oxford University Press edition of Edward Thomas’s prose, and I have edited the first two volumes: Autobiographies was published in March 2011 (was one of the ‘Books of the Year’ for 2011 in the TLS), and then England and Wales, co-edited with Lucy Newlyn, was published in November that year. Autobiographies contains works written just before the start of the war, and England and Wales covers Thomas’s writing on the countryside right through the Edwardian period and into the First World War – his first book was published in 1897. I have also co-edited (with Lucy Newlyn) Branch-Lines: Edward Thomas and Contemporary Poetry (Enitharmon, 2007), and I edit the newsletter of the Edward Thomas Fellowship. I recently completed a biography of Wilfred Owen for Yale University Press (forthcoming 2014) – born in 1893 and dying in 1918, Owen is very much an Edwardian.
Dr Georgina Downey
University of Adelaide
I am a Visiting Research Fellow in Art History at the University of
Adelaide. My doctorate ‘Reading Rooms’ focused on the Paris careers of
expatriate Australian women artists in the Edwardian period; and how they
used the subject of the domestic interior as a tableau for the iteration of
modern identities. I have a book in process with Berg titled ‘Domestic
Interiors: Representing Homes from the Victorians to the Moderns’. I’m interested in how art reflects back to us the attitudes, material and
bodily arrangements we call interiority. How it does this is an important
question since home is the key space through which individual subjectivity
is fundamentally constituted, and in the act of enclosing space and making
rooms, we make ourselves.
Key words: Art History, Interior Design History, Architectural Theory, Domestic Space, Nineteenth century, Edwardian period, Early twentieth Century.
Professor Elizabeth Edwards
De Montfort University
As a visual and historical anthropologist working in history of photography my major research interests are in the social and cultural history of photographic practices between 1880 and 1920. I work, first, on photographic visualisation in proto-modern anthropology, and its institutional structures, and on photography and the realpolitik of colonial governance, on which I have published extensively. Second, I work on the ethnography of British amateur photographic practices as a form of historical imagination. I am currently looking at these practices in transnational perspective, especially in relation to the ‘photographic survey movement’ (the topic of my last book), and as a series of material practices. My most recent book is ‘The Camera as Historian: Amateur Photographers and Historical Imagination 1885-1918′ from Duke UP
Keywords: Photography, Historical imagination, Anthropology, Colonialism, Material Culture
Professor Jason Edwards
University of York
My teaching and research has been concerned with the intersecting historiographies of Victorianism, Modernism and Edwardianism in both literature and the visual arts, and with the related intersections of academic, avant-garde and public sculpture in a period from the late eighteenth century to the outbreak of the first world war. I’ve been theoretically oriented by Marxist, feminist and queer theory, and more recently around questions of empire and animality. My doctoral research concerned the use made by W.B. Yeats, in his prose works, of a range of Victorian scientific writings, by Darwin, Huxley and Tyndall.
Keywords: Avant-garde, academic and public sculpture; the intersecting Historiographies of Victorianism, Modernism and Edwardianism; animality; queer theory.
Dr Sarah Edwards
University of Strathclyde
I am interested in Edwardian and neo-Edwardian literature and culture, especially nostalgia and memory studies, life writing, spiritualism, film and television adaptations and architecture and literature. I am completing a monograph, The Edwardians Since 1910: A Literary and Cultural History. I led an ESRC seminar series, Nostalgia in the 21st Century (2010-11) and am guest-editing a special issue of Consumption Markets and Culture on the series theme. I have discussed my work on the Edwardian period in several programmes, including The 1970s Edwardian Resurrection (BBC4).
Keywords: Neo-Edwardian; spiritualism; nostalgia; suburbia; life writing; adaptation.
Dr Jackie Farr
University of Greenwich
I am researching the life and work of Martina Bergman Österberg, pioneer of women’s physical education who was at her most active during the Edwardian era until her death in 1915. She established the Hampstead training college for women to teach PE in 1885, moving to Kingsfield House, Dartford, Kent in 1895; Kingsfield now houses the archive dedicated to her work. Young women, on entering her college were exposed to a curriculum which Madame had created to suit the English girl: blending the Swedish system of Gymnastics from her homeland with traditional team games. This training created a new profession for middle class women in schools where they would ‘physically educate’ their pupils developing a ‘sound mind in a sound body’. The legacy of the college lies in much more than the invention and adoption of the gymslip and the game of netball – all developed in the late Edwardian period: her methods resulted in specialist training colleges for women PE teachers worldwide and influenced the curriculum for both boys and girls.
Dr Katie Faulkner
Courtauld Institute of Art
Katie Faulkner has recently submitted her PhD at the Courtauld Institute of Art. She specialises in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century British sculpture and its relationship with visual and popular culture. She is a visiting lecturer on the MA course, The Aesthetic Body: Science, Aestheticism and the image of the Body in British Art and also teaches an undergraduate course on modern sculpture in London. Katie is also a public programmes educator at the Courtauld Gallery and currently edits the Courtauld postgraduate journal immediations.
University of Bristol
I’m currently undertaking PhD research into the animal histories of the Bristol Zoo Gardens, from its inception in 1835 to the present day. This project examines the plethora of human-animal relationships over this period, disclosing chaos and transformation in human understandings of non-human animals. This project is a collaborative doctoral award funded by the AHRC and completed under the supervision of Professor Peter Coates at the University
Key words: Zoo, animal, commodity, agency, relationship, human-animal.
The Courtauld Institute of Art
Writing in The Studio in 1930, the critic Louis Fergusson described Harold Gilman as ‘a kind of [Edouard] Vuillard of London’, alluding to both artists’ frequent depictions of private interiors. Focusing on works produced in the 1910s, my dissertation aims to unpack the commonalities between Gilman’s and Vuillard’s practices by examining their distinct treatments of early-twentieth-century domestic space. My research centers on crucial shifts in domestic conditions at this time, namely the advent of electricity in private homes; the proliferation of and emerging public debate about temporary, urban housing; and the growing conception of the home as an expression of self. I will address the tensions between these modern, industrial conditions and then-prevailing ideals of both the private, bourgeois home and the medium of painting, aiming to show that Vuillard’s and Gilman’s practices, frequently considered marginal to the avant-garde, instead have ramifications across radical modern art practice.
Keywords: Domestic space, urban housing, electrification, Camden Town Group, London Group, Intimisme.
Professor Viv Gardner
Professor Emerita, University of Manchester
I am a theatre and performance historian, working on gender, sexuality and performance (on and off the stage) at the fin de siécle, particularly the exchange between the radical and popular – from New Woman to Gaiety Girl via the Sandow Girl – and spectatorship in the period. I am currently working on a several projects including Staging the New Sex: performances of gender and sexuality 1890-1914, and I pose therefore I am: performance and performativity in the lives of the 5th Marquis of Anglesey, and editing the autobiography of musical comedy performer and suffragette, Kitty Marion, with historian, Diane Atkinson. I am also very interested in the realisation of historical performance material in original contemporary performance and have collaborated on works based on my research including ‘Gloria Days’, a multi-disciplinary performance based on the life of the 5th Marquis of Anglesey with dancer/performer, Marc Rees, and Tanz Compagnie Rubato, and ‘Umuntu, Mgumuntu, Ngabantu: the story of the African Choir, 1891-1893’, a co-production between the Market Theatre, Johannesburg and Wimbledon School of Art.
Key words: gender, sexuality, spectatorship; fin de siécle performance; New Woman; musical comedy; 5th Marquis of Anglesey; Kitty Marion
Queen Mary’s, London
My PhD thesis examines carnivals held to raise money for local charities in suburban Essex and Middlesex between 1890 and 1914. It does so with the intention of exploring suburban society and culture during a period of substantial migration to and rapid transformation of London’s hinterland, focusing primarily on the interrelated themes of place – particularly ‘locality’ – community and social relations, voluntary action and associational culture, and leisure. Additionally, I am currently editing special editions of The London Journal on ‘Leisure in Suburbia, 1870-1939′ and of Sport in History on ‘Sport’s Relationships with other Leisure Industries’ (in conjunction with Benjamin Litherland).
Dr Andrew Glazzard
Royal Holloway, University of London
I am working on a PhD on Conrad and his use of popular genres, such as detective and espionage fiction. As a result, I am reading a great deal of Edwardian popular fiction by forgotten writers such as Guy Boothby and William Le Queux, as well as the work of more enduring favourites such as Baroness Orczy, Edgar Wallace, and Conan Doyle. I am also at the early stages of considering a post-doctoral research project on social criticism in the Edwardian novel, including those maligned ‘Edwardians’, Wells, Galsworthy, and Bennett.
Keywords: Conrad; Edwardian popular fiction; detective fiction; espionage fiction; social criticism.
Dr Julia Gillen
Senior Lecturer in Digital Literacies – Literacy Research Centre, Lancaster University
I am researching the writing on Edwardian postcards; my main corpus consists of 3000 sent through the post in Great Britain from 1902 to 1910. I’m also exploring historical records to find out more about the people who sent the cards, as I explore everyday writing practices of the era. The project is co-directed by Nigel Hall, emeritus professor at Manchester Metropolitan University. We also investigate the relationships between what people write and the images on the cards. One purpose is to make links to digital writing practices today.
I create and disseminate my research in a number of ways including art/museum exhibits, academic articles and chapters, Twitter (@EVIIpc) and a column in Picture Postcard Monthly.
Key words: postcards, vernacular writing, material culture, multimodality
University of Oxford
My interests lie mainly in the work of ‘neglected’ writers of the late Victorian/Edwardian period – for the moment J.M. Barrie, G.K. Chesterton and George Moore. More broadly, I am interested in the imaginative, emotional, and political interconnection of artistic and sexual discourses; how, for example, sex is often metaphorically related to art, and how this is mediated and shaped by social and scientific attitudes towards both. I am also becoming increasingly interested in relationships between art and science, both historically and in the present day – I admire the efforts of recent cognitive theorists despite results having been mixed, and feel it important to complicate the ‘two cultures’ divide wherever possible. I am about to begin doctoral research into the emergence of morally burdened languages of impotence and virility, and the ways in which such languages effected the way that literary artists thought about themselves and their work
Dr. Helena Gurfinkel
Southern Illinois University
Helena Gurfinkel is an Associate Professor of English at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. She is the author of Outlaw Fathers in Victorian and Modern British Literature: Queering Patriarchy (2014). Her interests include gender and sexuality studies, especially masculinities; philosophy and literature, and Oscar Wilde.
Dr Christos Hadjiyiannis
University of Edinburgh
Dr Pat Hardy
Museum of London
As Curator of Paintings, Prints and Drawings at the Museum of London I specialise in eighteenth, nineteenth and early twentieth-century visual representations of London, its public sculpture and its architecture, as these are the strongest areas of the collection. I am also very interested in the relationship between art and empire and am writing a book on imagery of migration in the nineteenth century.
Dr Imogen Hart
University of Californa, Berkeley
My research focuses on Victorian and Edwardian British art. I am particularly interested in the relationship between fine and decorative art and issues of display. My book Arts and Crafts Objects (Manchester University Press, 2010) explored the display and reception of decorative art at the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, the Manchester School of Art, and the homes of William Morris. My work on Arts and Crafts interiors was developed further in a collection of essays, co-edited with Jason Edwards, Rethinking the Interior, c. 1867-1896: Aestheticism and Arts and Crafts (Ashgate, 2010). I have published essays on William Morris, Arts and Crafts ‘little magazines’ (in Peter Brooker and Andrew Thacker’s Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines, 2009), and Victorian and Edwardian painting (in journals and edited collections including Art History, 2012, and Angus Trumble and Andrea Wolk Rager’s Edwardian Opulence, 2013). Current projects include research on 19th- and 20th-century British history painting.
Professor Michael Hatt
University of Warwick
I am writing a book on the ways in which homosexual men re-imagined the world in late Victorian and Edwardian Britain, not only through the fine arts, but also reading, book design, interiors, walking and singing. The book is also an attempt to use fiction, and particularly Proust, as a theoretical source. I led a three-year project with Morna O’Neill that resulted in the co-edited publication The Edwardian Sense: Art, Design and Performance in Britain, 1901-1910 (Yale University Press, 2010).
Keywords: imagination, sculpture, Proust, sexuality, Socialism, decoration.
My specialist area is British painting, particularly concentrating on the themes of nostalgia and fantasy. My PhD subject was ‘A Bright Memory to Remain: The Life and Works of Charles Sims RA 1873-1928.’ I am currently engaged in putting together an article on Living Statuary and Edwardian Art.
Dr Yvonne Ivory
University of South Carolina
I am interested in literary and cultural interactions between Germany and Britain in the decades leading up to WWI. I look at literary and periodical output of that era to examine how the history of sexuality, aestheticism, and art history intertwine. My first book project, The Homosexual Revival of Renaissance Style, 1850-1930 (Palgrave, 2009) showed how British and German sexual dissidents like Oscar Wilde, Thomas Mann, John Addington Symonds, and Vita Sackville-West looked to the Italian Renaissance for positive ways of understanding their identities. I am currently working on a study of Wilde’s modernist afterlives in Austria and Germany, focusing on how his fairy tales inspired modernist dances, operas, artworks, and works of literature from 1900-1918.
Keywords: Anglo-German relations; modernism; urban culture; reception studies; the history of sexuality; anarchy; Renaissance revivalism.
University of Sussex
My PhD research focuses on E M Delafield as a feminist and as a middlebrow writer, exploring the interactions of the categories of feminism and the middlebrow within her fiction. Many of Delafield’s novels are set in the Edwardian era, and consequently my research encompasses Edwardian women’s and feminist fiction and early middlebrow texts; I am also interested in the use of Edwardian settings in fiction by interwar feminist writers. My broader research interests include the relationship between middlebrow and modernist culture, and the literary representation of suburbia and the suburban.
keywords: Delafield, feminism, middlebrow, fiction, suburbia, modernism
Dr Joe Kember
University of Exeter
My research has mostly concerned Edwardian visual and popular culture and the development of British film production and exhibition before 1914. My last book, ‘Marketing Modernity: Victorian Popular Shows and Early Cinema’ (University of Exeter, 2009) dealt extensively with this subject. I am currently completing a collaborative project concerning the history of projected and moving images from 1840-1914. I am especially fascinated by the representation of human character and the human face in Edwardian film, popular entertainments, and other media.
Keywords: film, cinema, shows, showmanship, variety theatre, exhibition, visual culture, media, magic lantern, panorama, face, character, performance
Dr Gerri Kimber
University of Northampton
The main focus for my research is Katherine Mansfield and her contemporaries. I am Chair of the Katherine Mansfield Society and have written widely on Mansfield, especially her reception in France (the subject of a monograph). I am the Series Editor of the four volume Edinburgh Edition of the Collected Works of Katherine Mansfield, of which the first two volumes – the fiction – were published in 2012. I am currently writing a biography of Mansfield’s early life up to 1908 and her arrival in London from New Zealand with the aim of becoming a writer. As well as Mansfield, I am also interested in Oscar Wilde, the fin-de-siècle, the Decadents, Edwardian writers such as E. F. Benson and Edwardian children’s fiction.
Dr. Tatiana Kontou
Oxford Brookes University
My research focuses on the intersections between the ‘Victorian’ and the ‘modern’ through the discourses of the supernatural, theatricality and myth. I have published on spiritualism and psychical research in late Victorian, Modernist and contemporary women’s writing, sensation fiction and the supernatural. I am currently writing a monograph titled Florence Marryat’s Fiction: Gender, Theatricality and Spiritualism. My future project will explore the literary, visual and cultural representation of the Gaiety Girl.
Key words: Spiritualism and Psychical Research; Gaiety Girls; theatricality and myth in fin de siècle and Edwardian literature and culture; popular late Victorian and Edwardian women authors.
King’s College, University of Cambridge
My doctoral thesis, “Art and Activism: Promoting Change through British Periodical Illustration, 1893-1913,” examines art production in a range of social and political campaigns including women’s suffrage, socialism, the deaf equality movement, and Irish home rule in Ulster. I am interested in the interaction of text and image, the ways periodicals contribute to the development of collective identity, and how the mass distribution of illustration made significant political and social impacts in the Edwardian era.
Keywords: Edwardian activism, periodical illustration, The New Age, suffrage magazines, deaf art, Uladh, Irish home rule.
Dr Ayla Lepine
The Courtauld Institute of Art
My research and teaching explores relationships between visual culture, identity and experiences of the sacred in late nineteenth and early twentieth-century Britain. I’m especially interested in the roles and significances of monastic and convent communities and the development of uniquely Anglican aesthetics in modern Britain. My theoretical framework tends to be propelled by ways of understanding drawn from feminist, queer and theological perspectives. I’m also researching how neo-Medievalism and what can loosely be termed ‘revivalism’ suffused architecture and the arts for a group of loosely networked designers working in Britain and the United States between c.1890 and 1930. My PhD focused on religion, style and architectural strategies in designs by G. F. Bodley and Thomas Garner for Oxford and Cambridge. I am a 2012 Andrew W Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at The Courtauld, and a 2013 Associate Fellow at the Yale Institute for Sacred Music.Courtauld profile: http://www.courtauld.ac.uk/people/lepine-ayla.shtml. Twitter: @heartchitecture. Blog: www.heartchitecture.wordpress.com
Keywords: Anglican; sacred; theology; queer theory; ritual; sensory experience; Gothic Revival; architecture and identity; decoration; monasteries; convents
I’m a doctoral student researching the relationship between sport,race, imperialism and masculinity in the British world in the Edwardian era. Currently I’m working on the discourse on race provoked by the South African rugby tour of 1906-7 to the United Kingdom and France.
Keywords: Empire; sport; cricket; rugby; race; masculinity; degeneration; suburbia
Dr. Sarah Lonsdale
I completed my PhD on the early years of the popular daily press and how novelists and playwrights responded to the new Daily Mail and Daily Express and other papers in their fiction and non-fiction, with special emphasis on the writers who worked for newspapers during this period including Edgar Wallace, Philip Gibbs and P G Wodehouse. My time period covers, roughly, 1896 – 1939. I am especially interested in the portrayal of women journalists in fiction during this time.
Keywords: Edwardian fiction, popular press, journalism, gender, modernism, newspapers
University of York
I am interested in the changing culture of the Church of England in the Edwardian period, particularly the transition from Victorian expressions of Anglicanism to a recognizably Edwardian expression as exemplified by the English Use movement in liturgy, church architecture, and the design of church furnishings and fixtures. I am also keen to examine the continuity of Edwardian Anglicanism and related architectural and artistic production through the Inter-War period.
keywords: Edwardian religion, Church of England, church architecture, theology and art, liturgy and architecture, English Use
Dr Kate Macdonald
Ghent University, Belgium
My research is focused on the Edwardian period, with forays 40 years before and after, depending on the authors, texts and subjects I’m investigating. I have published several books and numerous chapters and articles on aspects of book history, publishing culture and middlebrow studies. My current work on the Edwardian period focuses on depictions of the physicality of women’s bodies in periodicals and fiction of 1910, and speculative future fictions of the Edwardian period. I am the series editor for Pickering & Chatto’s series Literary Texts and the Popular marketplace
Keywords: middlebrow, Buchan, popular, periodicals, women, fiction
Dr Phillip Mallett
University of St Andrews
My research over the past twenty-five years or so has revolved around the work of Thomas Hardy and Rudyard Kipling, spinning off into interests in gender and sexuality in the 1880s and after, into the British in India, and into various connections between these two, such as the relation of masculinity and empire, and the intersections of feminist and imperialist thought, in late Victorian and Edwardian England. My current research interests include Flora Annie Steel’s writings about India (as well as about the British in India) and her later writing about sexuality and eugenics. Future plans include a monograph on Steel and other Anglo-Indian women novelists, such as Maud Diver, who between the 1880s and the 1930s produced several hundred novels, many of them selling in tens of thousands, and the question of their influence on British perceptions of and policy towards India.
University of Bristol
My research aims to investigate the conditions which framed contemporary
experiences of art, specifically focusing on new art of the Edwardian
period, rejecting teleological arguments which see the decade preceding
1910 as the period around the turn of the century as subject to certain
‘breaks’ within the art world: the end of the Victorian period, the
‘arrival’ of Post Impressionism. This project involves the analysis of
existing critical rhetoric and its development as well as the growth of
experimental forms of display, linked by a complex social and professional
network of interchangeable agents responsible for the ideological framing
of art and artistic experience either in the critical press, the gallery
Keywords: Experience, perception, judgement, criticism, display,
professionalization, privileged vision.
I’m researching the formative educational influences that drove thousands of ex-public schoolboys to volunteer, unquestioningly, for military service in 1914. How were these young minds being moulded during (say) 1905-1912. Using ‘second tier’ public school archives, I’m exploring a number of aspects of what, and how, young middle class boys were being taught and how did public schools as ‘total institutions’ convey ideals of patriotism, manliness and various dimensions of ‘character’ to the extent that so many volunteered and were slaughtered in the trenches. To what extent were such young men physically and mentally equipped to serve as subalterns – why were they so particularly vulnerable to death and injury.
Keywords: Athleticism, curricula, indoctrination, militarism, OTC, socialisation, ‘national efficiency’, manliness, austerity, ‘public schools’, institutionalisation, Empire, snobbery, jingoism, church and chapel, discipline, elective reading, monasticism, ‘Englishness’
Dr Emma V Miller
University of Durham
Dr Emma V. Miller is a Postdoctoral Tutor in the Department of English Studies at the University of Durham. She works on connections between the gendered domestic discourses of the literature long-nineteenth century and the present day. She is particularly interested in fiction and poetry that explores domestic trauma and romantic expectations. Her first monograph on Iris Murdoch’s intertextual use of past narratives of incest and domestic abuse in her fiction to navigate a means to narrate the victim or survivor’s story will be published with McFarland. She is currently working on projects on Victorian and Edwardian gothic and the presentation of the body, particularly in relation to crossover literature in contemporary fiction. She has published on H. G. Wells and is the Editor of the H. G. Wells Newsletter.
Doctoral Researcher and Associate Lecturer – Oxford Brookes University
My doctoral research focuses on conspiracy theory in the late Victorian and Edwardian periods, arguing for the existence of a distinctive strain of ‘conspiracism’ as a form of political expression in England, c.1880-1914. Split into three major thematic case studies, my thesis addresses conspiracy theories pertaining to espionage, terrorism and race, contending that these not only shared a common style of expression and conception of historical causality, but also underlying anxieties and concerns regarding the implications of modernity for the English state, English society and the Empire.
Broader research interests include the history of espionage, secret surveillance and political policing; the history of anarchism in Britain; British South Africa c.1895-1910; and White-Labourism in the British Empire.
Prof Glenda Norquay
Liverpool John Moores
My research and teaching both straddle the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. I have published on Robert Louis Stevenson (Robert Louis Stevenson and Theories of Reading, MUP, 2007) and am currently editing his last novel St Ives for the New Edinburgh edition of RLS. But I have also published on women’s suffrage fiction: Voices and Votes, MUP 1995 and (ed) Women’s Suffrage Literature, Routledge 2007. I have also published on Stanley Weyman (ELT) and am currently supervising a thesis on Maud Diver. My teaching includes suffrage fiction and interwar engagement with gender and sexuality.
Dr Rachel O’Connell
University of Sussex
I specialise in late nineteenth and early twentieth century British literature and culture, and also in queer, gender, and disability studies. My current research explores the work of Aesthetic women journalists, particularly their writing on “lifestyle” topics such as gardening, food, and home decor, from the 1880s through to 1914.
Dr Morna O’Neill
I am an assistant professor of art history in the Department of Art at Wake Forest University. My scholarship addresses the conjunction of art, design, and politics in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. I have focused on the work of Walter Crane (1845-1915), in my book Walter Crane: The Arts and Crafts, Painting, and Politics (Yale University Press, 2011) and in the exhibition ‘Art and Labour’s Cause is One:’ Walter Crane and Manchester, 1880-1915 (Whitworth Art Gallery, 2008-9). My current research projects include an examination of the display of decorative arts at international exhibitions (1889-1911) and the place of Hugh Lane (1875-1915) in the global art market. I am the co-editor, with Michael Hatt (University of Warwick), of The Edwardian Sense: Art, Design, and Performance in Britain, 1901-1910 (Yale University Press, 2010).
Part Time PhD Student – University of Birmingham
I am researching Congregationalism in Edwardian Hampshire. With multiple churches in the major urban centres of Southampton, Portsmouth and Bournemouth, and a place of worship in most market towns and many villages, Congregationalists were a major presence in the ecclesiastical landscape of the county. Their leaders, both clerical and lay, were often prominent figures in their local communities as they sought to give expression to their evangelical convictions combined with a well developed social conscience. From what they had to say about Congregational identity, doctrine and relations with the wider world it is possible to distil the essence of this Nonconformist sub-culture. The picture which emerges is that of a resilient faith which blended elements of both the personal and social gospels. Such a finding calls into question the suitability of cultural constructs such as ‘the faith society’ and ‘faith in crisis’ to characterise the religious climate of the years leading up to the First World War. However, in composing a more nuanced narrative, account also needs to be taken of one subject on which Congregationalists were strangely silent, gender relations, and to an emergent tension between a pessimistic and an optimistic interpretation of contemporary developments.
Dr. Anthony Patterson
Assistant Professor at the American University of Ras Al Khaimah
My book on late Victorian and Edwardian censorship, Mrs Grundy’s Enemies: Censorship, Realist Fiction and the Politics of Sexual Representation will be published by Peter Lang next year. I am currently writing a chapter on Arnold Bennett and censorship for a forthcoming companion and have also published on H. G. Wells, George Moore and have written a chapter for a forthcoming collection of essays on George Gissing. I am particularly interested in sexual and gender representations in the period as well as how such representations can lead to formal innovation within fiction.
Dr Graeme Pedlingham
University of Sussex
My work focuses upon psychoanalytic theory and ‘horror’, in both literary and visual media. My current project explores fin-de-siècle and early-20th Century British horror literature, such as the works of Richard Marsh, MR James and Arthur Machen, encompassing the ‘re-emergence’ of the Gothic and theories of the ‘ghost-story’ and ‘uncanny’ at this time. Alongside this I have on-going related interests in the history of the development of British psychoanalysis, particularly object relations, as well as early horror film.
University of Cambridge
I am writing up my PhD thesis on Education in the Arts and Crafts Movement, at the University of Cambridge. I am interested in art education at the end of the 19th century, questions of gender, male communities, and museum studies. I am focusing especially on the differences in teaching women and men, their place in the program as students and teachers, and in the extracurricular activities. For my PhD, I am concentrating mainly on Charles Robert Ashbee, and have published two articles on him: In the Frame: Gert van Lon, C. R. Ashbee, and the Chapel of King’s College, Cambridge, by Jean Michel Massing and Aurélie Petiot. June 2012, The Burlington Magazine. and Morris, Ashbee and Lethaby in Picardy: Educational aspects of touring and sketching Gothic architecture for the Arts and Crafts Movement, by Aurélie Petiot. British Art Journal (Vol. XII, n°3, Winter 2011-2012 pp. 42-52).I am also interested in contemporary art, and collaborated to Gilbert et George: E1. Baudino, Isabelle et Gautheron, Marie (ed.), ENS Editions et Musée d’art moderne de Saint-Etienne Métropole, 2005.
Keywords: Arts and Crafts, education, gender, museum, communities
The Burlington Magazine
I study the intersection between art practice, art criticism and the art market between 1900 and 1920, with particular attention for the Old Masters trade and the specialist art periodical (The Burlington Magazine, The Connoisseur and the Art Journal). I am interested in commercial exhibitions, the relationship between the avant-garde and the Old Masters trade, the late work of the painter Charles Conder and the writings of Robert Ross, Robert Dell, D. S. MacColl, Roger Fry and Sidney Colvin. I am currently compiling a census of Old Masters dealers in London 1900-1910 and their collaborative relations with art journals.
Keywords: The Carfax Gallery, The Sackville Gallery, Burlington Magazine, Connoisseur, Art Journal, Robert Ross, Robert Dell, Roger Fry, DS MacColl, Sidney Colvin and Charles Conder.
The Reverend William MacGregor (1842–1937) was a prominent member and amateur excavator of the Egypt Exploration Society and of the Liverpool Institute of Archaeology. Though influential in the emerging discipline, MacGregor has, however, remained one of Egyptology’s less known characters. Through his involvement in this flourishing period of Egyptology, MacGregor was also afforded rare opportunities to amass a fine and unique collection of antiquities and his museum at Bolehall Manor in Tamworth, Staffordshire became instrumental in promoting the field of Egyptology. My research looks at Macgregor’s life and collection, and considers the legacy that the sale of his collection in 1922 has had on modern Egyptology.
Key words: MacGregor; Egyptology; Antiquities; Collector
University of Edinburgh
I am interested in early twentieth-century literature and culture, in particular the representation of marginal identities in literary texts and how these are (in)formed by scientific and educational discourses. I have worked previously on James Joyce’s Dubliners, D. H. Lawrence and Aldous Huxley. I am currently preparing a monograph for publication that investigates the representation of the female mind in the twentieth-century novel in dialogue with developments in higher education in Britain. This research is underpinned by inquiries into nineteenth-century and Fin-de-Siècle science and philosophy. I am also working on E. M. Forster’s Maurice as a ‘Cambridge’ novel.
Keywords: identity, ‘new woman’, gender, modernism, education
Dr William Rough
University of St Andrews
My research is focused on the relationship between British painting and the theatre from the 18th to the early 20th century; particularly shared themes and traditions between theatre and painting, the reaction to productions/paintings in reviews and criticism, identity as witnessed through theatrical portraits, the symbiotic relationship between audience/performer and audience/artwork and histories of performance as documented by painting. My PhD originally explored this relationship as manifested through the work of Walter Sickert, particularly his interest in the ‘New Drama’ of the early 1900s. I have a keen interest in interdisciplinary working and am keen to develop future links with departments of English Literature, Drama and Theatre Studies, and Modern History.
Key words: Walter Sickert, British Theatre, British painting, Camden Town, Shakespeare in Art, Naturalism in the Theatre, New Drama, Edwardian theatre
Celia M. Cruz Rus
University of Malaga
I am a postgraduate student researching contemporary literature set in the Edwardian period. I am interested in the depiction and imagining of historical figures in fiction and what attracts modern readers and authors about the Edwardians.
Keywords: literature, neo-Edwardian, nostalgia
Dr Deborah Sugg Ryan
I am interested in the visual and material culture of the Edwardian period. My research has examined the design, decoration and representation of the home and the domestic interior in the Ideal Home Exhibition, from its founding in in 1908 to the present, and I am currently completing a revised edition of my 1997 monograph on the exhibition’s history. I also work on issues of spectacle, display, space and popular modernity. I have written extensively on the revival and reinvention of historical pageants at the turn of the twentieth century in Britain, particularly focusing on the pageant master Frank Lascelles. My essay ‘Spectacle, the public and the crowd: Exhibitions and pageants in 1908′ was published in M. O’Neill & M. Hatt (eds) The Edwardian Sense: Art, Design and Performance in Britain, 1901-1910 (Yale University Press, 2010).
I am currently completing a PhD on ‘G.K. Chesterton and Parody’ at Durham University. My thesis examines the parodic motifs permeating Chesterton’s diverse output, with particular emphasis upon his detective fiction, but also with reference to his nonsense verse, journalism, novels, critical essays, and public performances. I particularly focus upon the ways in which Chesterton’s use of parody enabled him to engage with the work of various figureheads of modernism — including Oscar Wilde, T.S. Eliot, and Wyndham Lewis —whose aesthetic programmes he ostensibly opposed. On this basis, I argue that the simultaneous inscription of similarity and difference encoded within the parodic act makes it a particularly effective means of questioning compartmentalising approaches to genre and literary history.
Keywords: G.K. Chesterton; parody; satire; Bakhtin; modernism; detective fiction
Honorary Research Fellow, University of Keele
I am interested in all aspects of Arnold Bennett’s output, from his novels to his involvement in silent film. My publications include previously uncollected stories and unpublished archive manuscripts. I am a member of the Middlebrow Research Group. I edit a series of new publications of Bennett’s novels. As part of this project I explore debates about literary realism and modernism, positioning Bennett’s later work towards a modernist agenda. My other main research interest is Regional Literature and although this centres on contemporary literature, Bennett’s Five Towns novels are an important contribution to the genre.
Dr Samuel Shaw
Yale Center for British Art
My work is concerned with various aspects of British art between the years 1890 and 1920, with a particular focus on the life and works of the Bradford-born artist William Rothenstein (1872-1945), the London art market c.1900, the fin-de-siecle interior, Jewish artists and identity, art in Yorkshire, mural painting, British imperial identity, and relationships between British artists and the continent. I am also very interested in the reception of the Old Masters in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. I am currently writing a book on Rothenstein, and researching the life and work of C.J. Holmes, an art historian and painter of ‘industrial landscapes’.
Keywords: The Carfax Gallery, William Rothenstein, mural painting, Jewish art, Art in Yorkshire, artist’s afterlives.
Dr Sarah Shaw
University of York
I write about the relationship between literary criticism and literary tourism c. 1880-1920. I’m particularly interested in how literary tourism could serve to destabilise and decentralise the construction of a canonical ‘English Literature’ during this period, and how the role of literary tourist or pilgrim posed challenges to the increasingly professionalised literary critic.
My broader research interests include reader history and theory, cultures of life writing, contested visions of national and regional identity, women in public life, and late-Victorian and Edwardian artistic and literary culture
Keywords: literary tourism, literary studies, Englishness, dissent, reader history, reader theory
Professor Margaret D. Stetz
University of Delaware, USA
I have been curator or co-curator of many exhibitions related to late-Victorian print culture and have written a number of books about turn-of-the-century literature and art, with a strong emphasis on gender. My publications continue to focus on Victorian and Edwardian feminism, on the figure of the New Woman (and on its afterlives), on gender and theatre, on dress, and on comedy, as well as on neo-Victorian representations of the fin de siècle. At the University of Delaware, where I am the Mae and Robert Carter Professor of Women’s Studies and Professor of Humanities, I am preparing a new undergraduate course for Spring 2013, “The New Woman in Black and White.” This will be a study of transatlantic feminism, journalism, photography, and issues of race, and it will be tied to an exhibition and symposium–in which I am also a participant–at the University Gallery of the work of the pioneering turn-of-the-century American photographer, Gertrude Käsebier.
Keywords: feminism; New Woman; gender; theatre; comedy; dress; print culture; art; photography; neo-Victorian
Independent Researcher and Writer
My project kicks off with 1st January 1904, the date from which Classic Mac OS (1984-2001) calculates all time in seconds. This modern imposition on the Edwardian period prompts discovery of an international potpourri of political, scientific, social and cultural events from the 63,158,400 seconds (731 days) that made up 1904 and 1905. The research uncovers transformations of technology and sensibility, shifts in economic and political power, military, diplomatic, commercial, cultural, sporting and social events. This kaleidoscope of serendipitous interconnections exposes patterns of communication that play out in the vibrant narrative of the new century, and provides stimulus for my text.
I am currently conducting my doctoral research, within the Department of History at Royal Holloway, University of London. I am interested in exploring the role of emotion in British politics. My doctoral research explores emotion within the context of the welfare reforms, such as pensions and national insurance, introduced by the New Liberal government during the Edwardian period.
University of Huddersfield
I am researching club cricket in the South of England with a specific emphasis upon an organisation called the Club Cricket Conference (Est. in 1916 from the remnants of the Club Cricketers’ Charity Fund (1910)). Whereas leagues and cups were omnipresent of club cricket in the Midlands and the North from the late 1880s, the CCC, which was largely controlled by a small group of ‘gentlemen amateurs’, managed to outlaw any meaningful competitive cricket in the South of England until 1968! As a branch of this broader research I am ‘deconstructing’ the Victorian/Edwardian gentleman amateur in social, cultural and philosophical terms, although the influence of this concept (and amateurism of course) had influence way beyond the time-period it was constructed.
University of Leeds
My research is on the work of the Italian art dealer Stefano Bardini (1836-1922) and his relationship with English and German collectors from 1875-1922; their mutual influences on collecting seen through photography of works of art and display. The intertwining of photography and works of art, where photography becomes a useful instrument for interpreting history.
Keywords: Renaissance revival in Florence and Europe, photography and art.
Dr Sarah Turner
Paul Mellon Centre, London
I am currently writing a book on the relationships between art, empire and modernity in Edwardian London. I am particularly interested in the cultural relations between Britain and South Asia at the beginning of the twentieth century and has worked extensively on The India Society which was founded in London in 1910. Other interests include Edwardian mysticism, particularly Theosophy, and early twentieth-century sculpture.
Professor Colin Tyler, FRHistS
Professor of Social and Political Thought, at the University of Hull, UK.
Much of my work focuses on the philosophical thought and practice of the British idealists (a movement which flourished between circa 1870 and circa 1923). I am particularly interested in Edward Caird, T.H. Green and D.G. Ritchie. I am also interested in the New Liberals, especially L.T. Hobhouse, J.A Hobson and T.H. Marshall, a movement that grew out of the British idealists. In addition to straightforwardly ‘political’ issues, I am particularly interested in their writings on the interaction between human potentials and social practices. I am joint director of the University of Hull’s Centre for Idealism and the New Liberalism. I also have a non-academic interest in alternative histories of the Victorian and Edwardian eras.
Dr. Anna Vaninskaya
University of Edinburgh
My current research focuses on Anglo-Russian literary and cultural
relations in the Edwardian period, in particular, on the cultural
impressions of Russian writers and journalists residing in Britain at
the time. I have extensive interests in Edwardian socialist
literature and politics, which were a focus of my book ‘William Morris
and the Idea of Community: Romance, History and Propaganda, 1880-1914′
(EUP 2010). I have also worked on Englishness, patriotism, and the
history of reading and education in the period, as well as Edwardian
children’s and fantastic literature, and individual authors such as H.
G. Wells and G. K. Chesterton.
The period covered relates to the first section of my forthcoming biography and literary study of the writer ‘Elizabeth’, now known as Elizabeth von Arnim. I have been engaged in research for this project for the past seven years. This long neglected and under-rated writer will soon, I hope, be re-assessed and given the scholarly attention she deserves. Her lifespan goes beyond the Edwardian period, but her earlier works are of great interest to any study of this time. Indeed, as one of the most celebrated writers of her day, it would be difficult to give a complete picture of the culture of the times without reference to her work.
Dr Keith Williams
University of Dundee
I research the late 19/early 20C scientific romance, particularly in relation to the coming of new media, and recently published a book on H.G. Wells in this area (H.G. Wells, Modernity and the Movies, 2007). Currently I am writing another on James Joyce and pre-cinema (the optical culture and science of the late 19C).
University of Liverpool
My doctoral research is focused on pre-1914 invasion-scare fiction and the idea of the ‘Edwardian Crisis’. Developing on the research of I F Clarke, notably his groundbreaking study Voices Prophesying War 1763-3749,my approach centers on the fictional representation of domestic political upheaval. A turbulent political period for Britain, the regular reference within this literature to issues such as industrial unrest, Irish home rule, and the campaign for female suffrage are of real significance. Evidently motivated by the threat of foreign invasion, such authors equally feared internal political change, rebellion, even revolution. Edwardian invasion narratives, then, were not always straightforward indicators of external concern. Rather, they often served as vehicles through which to express a wide range of socio-political grievances.
University of York
I am currently writing my PhD thesis on changing wind-playing style in London orchestras, 1909-1939. My research touches on areas including London concert life, the history of gramophone recording and broadcasting, the development of London’s orchestras, the identity, training and career development of orchestral musicians, music and social and cultural history, western classical music performance practice, the critical reception of live and recorded orchestral performance, historiographies of orchestral activity, and the impact of modernity and modernism on performance aesthetic. The scope of my thesis is defined by the appearance of the earliest orchestral recordings in 1909, but my research extends back to the late nineteenth century.
Keywords: Orchestral history, London concert life, musicians, conservatoires, performing style, historiography, gramophone, broadcasting.
Independent Art Historian and Curator
Formerly Curator of Art at the National Maritime Museum and Collections Manager at the Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and Museum, I am now an independent curator. I am currently working towards an exhibition of a group of Slade artists at the beginnings of their career, between 1897-1914 who are all linked to the marine painter John Everett. His work was the main focus of my recent Caird Fellowship at the National Maritime Museum. Everett was not only a painter but a sailor who signed on to work as a deck hand on sailing ships but who also climbed the rigging to paint sunrises. This prolific and highly individual man sailed and painted the sea for 50 years. His interests were diverse and included producing films which went on general release in 1917. The Edwardian decade shaped the man who, together with his ‘group’ may be considered to reflect an aspect of life at the ‘garden party’.