The timelines on this site are an attempt to highlight the major political and cultural events of the years 1895-1914. They are by no means definitive or canonical; aiming instead at a representative selection, gleaned from various texts.  Additions to the timeline are especially welcome: please leave suggestions in the comments box below.

Key Events

January – The National Trust is founded.
May – Lord Salisbury (conservative) becomes Prime-Minister for the third time.
April-May – Oscar Wilde stands trial for gross indecency.
August – Henry Wood’s First Promenade Concert.
November – Wilhelm Röntgen discovers X-Rays.
December – The Jameson Raid.


Randolph Churchill.
Charles Hallé.
Friedrich Engels.


Jude the Obscure – Thomas Hardy.
Almayer’s Folly – Joseph Conrad.
Amazing Marriage – George Meredith.
Foundations of Belief – Arthur Balfour.
The Golden Age – Kenneth Grahame.
The Woman Who Did – Grant Allen.
Sister Songs – Francis Thompson.
The Second Jungle Book – Rudyard Kipling.
The Time Machine – H.G.Wells.
Poems – W.B.Yeats.

Art & Architecture

Construction starts on Westminster Cathedral.
Siegfried Bing opens La Maison de L’Art Nouveau in Paris, which exhibits the work of various British artists, including Frank Brangwyn

A Coign of Vantage – Laurence Alma-Tadema.
Flaming June – Frederic Leighton.
Gallery of the Old Bedford – Walter Sickert.
Venus between Terminal Gods – Aubrey Beardsley.
David Croal Thomson – Philip Wilson Steer.
The Bayswater Omnibus – George William Joy.
Don Quixote – The Beggarstaff Brothers (William Nicholson and James Pryde).
The Coral Necklace – Joseph Southall.
The Last Furrow – Henri La Thangue.
Dieppe, 1895 – Charles Conder.
Hablant Espagnol – William Rothenstein.
Alma Pyser – Laura Knight



Guy Domville – Henry James, premieres in January.
Importance of Being Earnest – Oscar Wilde, premieres in February.
Notorious Mrs Ebbsmith – Arthur Wing Pinero, premieres in March.


August – Henry Wood’s First Promenade Concert.

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