The timelines on this site are an attempt to highlight the major political and cultural events of the years 1895-1914. They are by no means definitive or canonical; aiming instead at a representative selection, gleaned from various texts. Additions to the timeline are especially welcome: please leave suggestions in the comments box below.

Key Events

February – first official toy bear, named the ‘teddy’ bear after US President Roosevelt.
October – Formation of Women’s Social and Political Union (Suffragettes).

Joseph Chamberlain launches Tariff Reform Campaign.
Orville Wright makes the first aeroplane flight in North Carolina.


Paul Gauguin.
George Gissing.
Camille Pissarro.
James McNeill Whistler.


The Way of All Flesh – Samuel Butler
The Ambassadors – Henry James
Lady Rose’s Daughter – Mrs Humphry Wrd
The Riddle of the Sands – Erskine Childers
The Masterfolk – Haldane Macfall

Principia Ethica – G. E. Moore
Daily Mirror founded as a women’s paper.
Thomas Traherne’s Poetical Works published after rediscovery of manuscript.

Nobel prize: Bjrnstjerne Bjrnson

Art & Architecture

Burlington Magazine founded.
Rodin replaces Whistler as president of the International Society.
Foundation of The National Art Collections Fund.


Duse Mohammed Ali, The Jew’s Revenge.


Sea Drift – Frederick Delius

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