The timelines on this site are an attempt to highlight the major political and cultural events of the years 1895-1914. They are by no means definitive or canonical; aiming instead at a representative selection, gleaned from various texts.  Additions to the timeline are especially welcome: please leave suggestions in the comments box below.

Key Events

January – Old Pensions Act
Labour Exchanges Act establishes register of vacant jobs.
Lloyd George’s ‘People’s Budget’ rejected by House of Lords.
Trade Boards Act sets minimum wages in “sweated industries”
Osbourne Judgment prevents trade unions from using funds for political purposes.
Force-feeding of Suffragettes on hunder strike.
Opening of Selfridge’s.


Charles Conder
William Powell Frith
George Meredith
Algernon Charles Swinbourne


Tono-Bungay – H.G.Wells
Ann Veronica – H. G. Wells
Fraternity – John Galsworthy
The Glimpse – Arnold Bennett
The White Prophet – Hall Caine
Three Lives – Gertrude Stein
Maudie – Anon (attributed to George Bacchus)

Multitude and Solitude – John Masefield
Time’s Laughingstocks and other Verses – Thomas Hardy
Last Poems – George Meredith
Oxford Lectures on Poetry – A.C.Bradley

Nobel prize: Selma Lagerlof

Art & Architecture

Futurist Manifesto published.
Completion of the first phase of The Great Hall, Birmingham University (designed by Aston



First London performance given by the Serge Diaghilev’s Ballet Russes


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