The timelines on this site are an attempt to highlight the major political and cultural events of the years 1895-1914. They are by no means definitive or canonical; aiming instead at a representative selection, gleaned from various texts.  Additions to the timeline are especially welcome: please leave suggestions in the comments box below.

Key Events

‘Curragh mutiny’ of army officers in support of Ulster unionists.
Suffragete riots in London.
Anglican church in Wales disestablished.
Britain declares war on Germany, 4th August.
Defence of the Realm Act gives government wide-ranging emergency powers.
June – Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
August – Britain declares war on Germany


Spencer Gore.
Joseph Chamberlain.


Satires of Circumstance – Thomas Hardy
The Ragged-Trousered Philanthropists – Robert Tressall
The Prussian Officer – D.H.Lawrence
The Black Peril – George Webb Hardy
Dubliners – James Joyce
The World Set Free –
H. G. Wells
Responsibilities – William Butler Yeats
Childhood – Maxim Gorky
North of Boston – Robert Frost

Nobel prize: No award.

Art & Architecture

Publication of Wyndham Lewis’s Vorticist magazine BLAST.
Velazquez’s Rokeby Venus slashed by a suffragette campaigner.
Publication of Wassily Kandinsky’s Concerning the Spiritual in Art.



First performance of George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion.


Vaughan Williams, Lark Ascending

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